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Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra and St. Sophia of Kyiv

        Surely, while speak about Kyiv, it is impossible not to notice Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra and St. Sophia of Kyiv – historical-cultural sights of world value.

        Today, Lavra is exceptionally valuable architectural ensemble which was forming for over nine centuries as the centre of orthodoxy. The complex includes over 200 sights of archaeology, architecture, history and monumental art. Numerous museums are located on the territory of Lavra. The most of displays are dedicated to different Ukrainian artistic styles, genres and works of applied art, which are rooted in antiquity.

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        St. Sophia of Kyiv (Софія Київська) is no less unique – it is the world-known monument of history, architecture, monumental painting and sacral art of the first half of ХІ of century, built by prince Yaroslav Mudryi (Wise) in the period of bloom of Kyivan Rus. The name of cathedral, which is bound to religious interpretation of the Greek word "Sophia"– "wisdom" is understood as Divine Wisdom.

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        Sophia was built as the main metropolitan temple of Rus; the cathedral was the social-and-political and cultural centre of the Kyiv state. The solemn ceremonies of inauguration of princes, meetings of foreign ambassadors were held here, the important agreements about the peace between princes were signed, the Kyiv council also gathered near the temple. The chronicles were being written here. Yaroslav Mudryi (Wise) opened the first library in Rus and it operated in the temple.

        Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra and St. Sophia of Kyiv are two of six sights in Ukraine, included to the UNESCO List of world inheritance.